Dr. T. M. Nair, the Raja of Panagal and Sri Pitti Theagaraja Chettiar organised the first Non-Brahminical organisation called South Indian Federation, which later came to be commonly known as the Justice Party in November 1916. The demand for reservation was raised for the first time in India when the Party demanded the representation of non-Brahmins in government jobs. The Justice Party propagated its views and ideology through its newspaper named Justice. The Justice Party was considered to be an organised reaction against Brahminical domination over the Hindu Society. The chief aim of the party was to fight against the evils of untouchability and deprivation of some sections of the society from their common human rights. The Party basically focussed on the social equality to all and opposed any discrimination against the weaker sections especially caste-based of the Hindu society.
Election of Ramaswamy Naicker as the President of the Justice Party in 1937 A.D. gave a new zeal and vigour to the organisation. It became more reactionary in its tone and style of working. Naicker denounced Hinduism as an instrument of Brahminical control, the laws of Manu as inhuman and the Puranas as fairy tales. He also opposed imposition of Hindi on South India. During his period the Justice Party launched severe ideological onslaughts against Brahminical dominance.
The main contribution of Justice Party was the passing of a government order in 1930 which provided reservations for various groups including non-Brahmins. In 1944, the Justice Party became Dravida Kazhagam. Ramaswamy Naicker’s followers called him a Thanthai (father) and Periyar (Great soul).